Fate vs Free Will

Fate is the result of the past and free will is the result of the present. When we look forward, we feel the blow of fate. When we look forward, we see the dance of golden and energizing free will. The physical consciousness or the body-consciousness is limited. We are given ample opportunity to use order to be fully, totally and unreservedly free. Our free will is a child of God’s infinite will and and at the same time a parcel. Fate is he gate which leads us to the failure of the past. God gave us our free will to do whatever we  want. Our fate is already decided by God. But we cab change our destiny by shifting from the path God has made for us. Everyone wants to be free or at least have some choice in life. What we do with our lives is our own concern but can change our fates. At the beginning of the play, Macbeth and Banquo heard of their fates for the first time when they encountered the three witches. Lady Macbeth upon reading the letter about her husband’s fate convinced Macbeth that fate is nothing without actions. Macbeth accepted that his fate will bring him nothing without actions if he did not work on it after Duncan told him Malcolm will take on the throne as the heir. Banquo on the other hand let fate take it course. He did not act upon his fate and let it be. Macbeth was a victim of his own desire. The witches used his arrogance and pride against him and manipulated his thoughts, but he acted on his own free will which lead him to committee those heinous crimes. He ignored the consequences not his actions and continued with his plans. He also killed more people out of free will just to maintain the throne for himself. He knew the consequence of his actions. He did not need the witches anymore and seeked to destroy the people he deemed a threat to his reign as king. Lady Macbeth aslo acted as an accomplice and helped him to kill Duncan. His thirst for power lead him on to his own demise. 


Gender Roles

Lady Macbeth is the focus of the exploration of gender roles in Macbeth. As Lady Macbeth propels her husband toward murdering Duncan, she indicates that she must take on masculine characteristics, “Come you spirits that tend on mortal thoughts! Unsex me here, and fillnme crown to toe top full off direst cruelty” Clearly, gender roles is out of traditional order. This disruption of gender roles is also presented through Lady Macbeth’s usurpation of the dominant role in her marriage; on many occasions she rules her husband dictates his actions. The disruption of gender roles is also perceived as violating nature and despite their designation as sisters, the gender of these characters is ambiguous. Upon encountering them, Banquo says, “you should be women and yet your beards forbid me to interprete that you are so”, their facial hair symbolizes their influence in the affairs of the male-dominated warrior society of Scotland. Gender roles have changes her time. Normally the traditional role of a woman was as a wife and mother. She was to be caring, nurturing, compassionate and supportive of he husband. For men they were the bread winners, the head, father and husband of the family. He was to protect and provide food for the family. He was to be Stoic, strong, responsible and in charge. However women have transitioned into traditionally male domians of the business and professional world and men into the women’s world. Women have generally established themselves in the business and professional world and are now asserting themselves as individuals. Some men on the other hand have moved toward traditionally take territory. They gave many challenges including judgements about their masculinity, their strengths and their general character as a man. 

Wearing A Mask

Hypocrisy plays a huge part throughout the play. Hypocrisy is introduced at the very start of the play “fair is and foul is fair”;this is an important theme. The weird sisters use many riddle- like phrases, and as the witches first use hypocrisy, this creates a line between reality and the supernatural. Macbeth is two-faced; he has a public side and a private side. Macbeth is friendly towards Duncan, and Duncan trusts him and appoints Macbeth Thane of Cawdor. Meanwhile Macbeth is planning to murder him. Macbeth is a heroic, honest and respectable yet is a man who is ruthless with evil replacing his character. Lady Macbeth is also two-faced “false face must hide what the false heart doth know”.Lady Macbeth greets Duncan politely and is a perfect hostess, but the reality is that she too is planning on killing Duncan. Lady Macbeth encourages her husband’s two-faced behaviour “look like th’innocent flower and be the serpent under’t”. In Macbeth’s first appearance as king of Scotland, his first words are addressed to Banquo:there’s our chief guest”. Both Macbeth and Lady Macbeth treat Banquo with courtesy:”Let your remembrance apply to Banquo; present him eminence, both with eye and tongue: unsafe the while, that we must leave our honours in these flattering streams, and make our faces vizards to our hearts”. Later in the scene Macbeth arranges the murder of Banquo. After Macbeth becomes king he suffers from sleeplessness and bad dreams. He is also afraid that Banquo’s children will be kinds of Scotland as prophesied by the witches. All the stresses show plainly in his face, because his wife pleads with him to be a better hypocrite: “Gentle my lord, sleek o’er your ragged look”, however Macbeth resents the necessity of putting a fair face on his foul thoughts. After the ghost incident at the banquet,  Lennox comes to understand the foul reality behind Macbeth’s hypocrisy:”the gracious Duncan was pitied of Macbeth: marry, he was dead”, this bitter joke describes both Macbeth’s facade that he was for Duncan and after he killed Duncan. Well for people who pretend theybare something they are not are a bunch of liars and hypocrites. Pretending you are someone you are not is that you do not want to face reality,  if you pretend to be someone else you as not is losing yourself to another identity. The motive behind wearing a mask is to hide your true identity and personality. It is totally impossible to friends with someone like that who is two-faced. Because you might not know who they truly are and what kind of person lies behind that mask. Wearing a mask is sometimes also used to mask your emotions, to build a wall around yourself as a defence mechanism so nobody can penetrate. I have felt the urge to put on a mask but have not found any tangible reason as to why I should. Maybe I don’t need to it just want to be myself who I really am not to put on a fake facade. 


Friendship can be defined as a relationship between people who care about each other. As the play begins, Macbeth and Banquo are bestfriends and comrades in arms, both Scottish noblemen and valiant defenders of King Duncan. Macbeth and Banquo together encounter the three witches on the Heath after a fierce battle where they hear the prophecy for the first time . Banquo reacts as a good friend would at the sound of Macbeth’s good fortune, then seeks to know his own. Banquo sees the evil in the sisters and warns Macbeth but he pays no heed to the advice. When Macbeth murders Dunacan it raises Banquo’s suspicions yet he remains loyal to Macbeth. Their friendship comes to take a turn when Banquo questions Macbeth’s rise to king . Macbeth wants to keep the crown for himself and his ambition gets the best of him. He realizes that he killed Duncan so he could be king and also Banquo’s prophecy shall be fulfilled. Their friendship ceases to exist when Macbeth decides to kill Banquo and his son which is successful and also a failure. Their friendship was not as strong as we believed it to be. Qualities of a good friend is that they are loyal, trustworthy, honest and nonjudgemental all which Macbeth does not have and licks. Their honesty to each other. Macbeth is not honest to Banquo about the three witches. There are soo many things which causes disloyalty amongst friends but the one which destroys the relationship is betrayal. Macbeht betrays Banquo in the most inhumane way when he orders three murderers to kill Banquo and his son Fleance which he is bent on doing without even considering they were once good friends. 

Destiny And The Role Of The Supernatural 

I believe in the supernatural and also in prophecies. There are a lot of things we are comfortable not knowing. For instance a stranger’s name. Some things are also better off not known. But there are also a lot of other things we really want to know, like if our decision is the right one or not, or if a job is going to work out. There are many things we simply can’t know and while we think it will be nice to know these things,  to know the future, it’s not really the case. Even if we could not know these things we are actually better off not knowing. Some things must be left alone. So no I would not like to know the future. The witches play a vital role in Macbeth. They represent Macbeth’s evil side. They serve to advance the story, reveal human weaknesses and give the audience a hint of things to come. In early modern tradition, witches were steretypically women. The common belief we that these women would make a diabolical pact with the evil spirits to apeal to their intervention. They would give prophevil. s to people who came to seek for their advice or help. These witches would also take part in the Witch Sabbath by paying honour the the devil. They would in form receive preternatural powers- thereby by becoming evil